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The first place to look when beginning research on a topic is in reference material: specialized dictionaries, encyclopedias or handbooks. These allow you to check names, dates and places, find additional information, look up unknown terms, and check for the proper spelling of words. They are particularly helpful for finding basic background information on a topic, and are often the only place many students may need to look to find answers to their questions. They may include bibliographies (lists of additional materials on a topic, usually considered by the author to be the best materials on that topic or at least the material that author used) that you can use to find other materials. 

DRAFT: This module has unpublished changes.

Reference Materials 



Cole, Robert. The Encyclopedia of Propaganda. Armonk, NY: Sharpe Reference, 1998. 

REF 303.37503 En19c




Circulating Books


Clark, Toby. Art and Propaganda in the Twentieth Century: the Political Image in the Age of Mass Culture. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1997.

Greenfield Open Stacks 700.904 C549a 





Firat, Begüm Özden., and Aylin Kuryel. Cultural Activism: Practices, Dilemmas, and PossibilitiesNew York, NY, USA: Editions Rodopi, 2011.


McQuiston, Liz. Graphic Agitation 2: Social and Political Graphics in the Digital Age. New York: Phaidon, 2004.

Greenfield Open Stacks 741.609045 G459g2 




McQuiston, Liz. Graphic Agitation: Social and Political Graphics Since the Sixties. London: Phaidon, 1993.

Greenfield Open Stacks 741.609045 M459g 






Owens, Craig. Beyond Recognition: Representation, Power, and Culture. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992.

Greenfield Open Stacks 700.19 Ow2b





Von, Blum Paul. The Critical Vision: A History of Social and Political Art in the U.S.Boston, MA: South End, 1982.

Greenfield Open Stacks 709.73 V891c 







The Journal of Decorative and Propaganda Arts. The Wolfsonian Collection. Miami Beach, FL: Wolfsonian - Florida International University, 2002. 





Dowling, Susan, and Susan Sollins. "Protest." Art:21: Art in the Twenty-First Century. Art21, Inc.; distributed by PBS Home Video, 2007.


DRAFT: This module has unpublished changes.